Complete guide to knitting abbreviations

New to knitting or need a quick reminder of a knitting term? You've come to the right place! Here's our guide to the common abbreviations you'll find in our patterns.

Knitting abbreviations

Want to know your K from your P and your k2tog from your ssk? We’ve got them all and more in our list of commonly used knitting abbreviations!

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Need crochet abbreviations? We’ve got them here.

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Click here for yarn weights and needle size conversions.


*
work instructions immediately following *, then repeat as directed

alt
alternate

approx
approximately

b&t
(break and tighten) break off the yarn and thread the end through the st(s) left on the needle. Pull the end of the yarn to tighten the st(s) together

beg
beginning

C2B
slip next stitch to cn & hold at back, K1; K1 from cn

C2F
slip next stitch to cn & hold at front, K1; K1 from cn

C4B
slip next 2 stitches to cn & hold at back, K2; K2 from cn

C4F
slip next 2 stitches to cn & hold at front, K2; K2 from cn

C6B
slip next 3 stitches to cn & hold at back, K3; K3 from cn

C6F
slip next 3 stitches to cn & hold at front, K3; K3 from cn

cb
cable back

CC
contrast colour

cf
cable forward

cn
cable needle

co
cast on

cont
continue

dec
decrease(ing) (by working two stitches together)

est
established

DK
double knitting

DPNs
double-pointed needles

foll/s
following/follows

g st
garter stitch (knit every row)

inc
increase (usually knit into same stitch twice)

K/k
knit

k2tog
knit the next two stitches together

kfb
knit into front and back of stitch

kwise
knitwise; by knitting the stitch

k(1)tbl
knit (1) into back loop

LH
left hand

LT
left twist

M1
make one by knitting into back of loop between two stitches (increase 1 stitch)

M1pw
make 1 st purlwise: with LH needle lift the strand between next and last st from front to back and purl through the back loop

M1L
(left leaning increase) with left needle tip, lift strand between needles from front to back. Knit lifted loop through back of loop

M1R
(right leaning increase) with left needle tip, lift strand between needles from back to front. Knit lifted loop through front of loop

M1P
make one purlwise by purling into back of loop between two stitches (increase 1 stitch)

MB
make a bobble

MC
main colour

meas
measure(s)

mrk
marker

P/p
purl

p(1)tbl
purl (1) into back of the loop

P2tog
purl 2 stitches together (1 stitch decreased)

P3tog
purl 3 stitches together (2 stitches decreased)

patt(s)
pattern(s)

PB
place bead

pfb
purl into front and back of stitch

PM
place marker

prev
previous

psso
pass slipped stitch(es) over

pwise
(purlwise) by purling the stitch

rem
remain/remaining

rep(s)
repeat(s)

rev st st
reverse stocking stitch

RH
right hand

rib2tog
either k2tog or p2tog dep on what next stitch in ribbing should be (keeps ribbing looking neat on buttonholes)

rnd(s)
round(s) (on a circular needle/DPNs)

RS
right side

RT
right twist

skpo
slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, pass slipped stitch over (1 stitch decreased)

sk2po
slip 1 stitch, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over (2 stitches decreased)

s2kpo
slip 2 tog kwise, knit 1, pass slipped sts over (2 stitches decreased)

sl
slip

sl st
slip stitch

SM
stitch marker

ssk
slip 2 stitches one at a time, knit 2 slipped stitches together (1 stitch decreased)

sssk
slip 3 stitches one at a time, knit 3 slipped stitches together (two stitches decreased)

ssp
slip 2 stitches one at a time, purl 2 slipped stitches together through back loops (1 stitch decreased)

st(s)
stitch(es)

st st
stocking stitch

T2B
slip next stitch to cn & hold at back, K1; P1 from cn

T2F
slip next stitch to cn & hold at front, P1; K1 from cn

tbl
through the back of the loop

tog
together

W3
(wrap 3 stitches) with yarn held at back of work, slip next 3 sts to cn and hold at front of work. Wrap yarn 3 times around these 3 sts, being careful not to pull it too tight and ending up with yarn at back of work. Slip the 3 sts to right needle without knitting them

w&t
(wrap and turn) slip next st from LH to RH needle, take yarn between needles to other side of work, slip st back to LH needle, take yarn between needles to its starting point, then turn. On next row, knit or purl the wrapped stitch together with the strand wrapping around it

WS
wrong side

wyib
with yarn in back

wyif
with yarn in front

ybk
yarn to the back

yfwd
yarn forward

yo
yarn over

yrn
yarn round needle

yon
yarn over needle