Complete guide to improv quilt piecing

A great stash buster, improv piecing can be a freeing experience, with no rules and no boundaries. Ready to get creative with your patchwork? Let's go!

How to piece improv quilts

Our in-house quilting expert Sarah Griffiths show you how to use improv piecing on your quilts. In this latest addition to our Quilt School series of mini masterclasses, we’ll be practising this technique to sew a zip pouch, but you can easily scale up and make a whole quilt top once you’ve mastered the basic piecing technique.

How to piece an improv quilt block


You Will Need

  • Improv patchwork pieces (one (1) 7in x 10in, one (1) 10in square)
  • Two (2) contrast strips (4in x 10in each)
  • Front pocket lining (one (1) 7in x 10in, one (1) 10in square)
  • Main pocket lining (two (2) 10in squares)
  • Four (4) pieces for zip covers (1in x 3in each)
  • Zips (two (2)), each 8in long
  • Interfacing, for added stiffness
  • Iron

Total time:

Step 1

Gather scraps from your stash, and give them a good press. There are no rules, so any size or shape of fabric will do. Some companies also make scrap packs or grab bags, which are perfect for improv piecing. We used a sample pack of handprinted fabrics from Maze & Vale. If you want to sort your scraps by theme or colour, you can do that now. But remember, the key to good improv blocks is the randomness.

Beginner Guide to improv quilt making

Step 2

Start sewing scraps together, using 14in seams. Press each seam to one side before adding the next piece. You may find it easier to start with a central piece, adding scraps around it. Try not to add pieces going around in a circle, unless you are going for a wonky log cabin look. You can fussy cut some bits of fabric to show off a particular pattern, but it’s also fun to see what shapes develop by random cutting, even on big prints!

How to make an improv quilt block step 2

Step 3

You might be tempted to trim straight edges every time you add a piece, but this isn’t necessary. Just make sure the next scrap you add has a straight edge. Place it on top of your block, and stitch a 14in seam along the new scrap. Then trim away any excess from the seam. Save any large trimmed scraps, as you can add these to another side later.

How to make an improv quilt block step 3

Step 4

As you work, keep in mind the size and shape of your final piece. I like to use washi tape to mark the size on my cutting mat so I can easily see how far along my piecing is coming, and which areas need adding to. When you need a long piece for a block edge, sew a few scraps together first. It’s easier to sew larger pieces, which you can trim down later.

How to make an improv quilt block step 4

Step 5

Aim to make your block about 1in larger than the size you need, so you don’t have to worry about unmatched edges between outer pieces. When you’re close to the size you need, place your quilt ruler over the block. Check if there are any areas with gaps that need filling. Sew small scraps to these areas to fill the space. Once you’re happy with the block, trim to the right size.

How to make an improv quilt block step 5



Top tips for piecing improv quilts

Pressing seams

I find it easiest to set up a mini cutting and pressing station right next to my machine. The cutting, pressing and sewing process goes a lot faster this way, and it’s easier to keep my mind on ‘freestyle’ piecing without getting bogged down in trying to plan too far ahead. I like to use a mini-iron, since most of the seams are small, and a cutting mat with pressing surface on the back saves on space.

Selecting your scraps

Use common sense to pick the size of your scraps. If you’re making a 12in block, it will take a long time if you’re using 1in pieces. Likewise, a 6in block won’t be very scrappy if you use 4in pieces. If you’re not sure, use larger pieces and cut them down as you go, saving sewn scraps for other blocks.

How to sew a patchwork pouch

Mix it up with clever cutting

Here are two super-simple techniques to add extra scrappiness to your blocks…

1 Break down the size of your final block into a few smaller blocks. Cut the improv blocks about  1in larger than necessary, then sew them into a final block before trimming again (Fig 1).

2  Split your block measurement into two rectangles, then make two improv blocks about 1in larger. Stack the two blocks on top of each other and cut a diagonal. Swap two pieces and sew the new blocks back together before joining into a larger block (Fig 2).

Beginners guide to improv quilts

Try me now! how to sew a double-zipper pouch

Follow our lead and show off your improv work with our pretty yet practical double-zipper pouch!

How to sew improv quilts beginner guide


  • Finished size = 9in square approx
  • Seam allowances are ¼in.
  • RST = right sides together
  • For our improv blocks pictured, we’ve used fabric prints from Maze & Vale. They’re a mix of linen and cotton – we love the mushroom print!

Making up

Step one: Take one zip cover piece and press under 14in along both short ends. Press in half, wrong sides together. Repeat with remaining three pieces. Place over the ends of your zips and topstitch, creating a 10in long zip.

Step two: Sandwich one zip between the two contrast pieces RST, aligning raw edges, and sew in place using a zipper foot. Press open and topstitch next to the zipper.

Step three: Taking the small improv piece and small front pocket lining RST, sandwich the zipper between facing the improv piece and aligning the remaining zip edge. Sew in place, open and topstitch as before. Trim to 10in square to create the purse front.

For added stiffness, add interfacing to your improv pieces before stitching up your pouch.

Step four: Lay the purse front on top of the 10in square front pocket lining, right sides of both facing up. Baste along the sides and treat as one piece.

Step five: Sandwich the remaining zip between the purse front and one main pocket lining RST. The zip should be facing the purse front, with both zip pulls on the same side of the purse. Sew the zip in place, open and topstitch as before.

Step six: Attach the remaining improv and lining pieces to the other side of the zip as before, with the zip front facing the improv piece.

Step seven: Unzip both zippers at least half way.

Step eight: Now fold your stitched piece so the two main lining pieces are RST on one side of the zip and the remaining layers are RST on the other side. Fold the centre zip so the teeth face the lining side. Pin in place.

Step nine: Sew all the way around your purse, leaving a 5in turning gap in the bottom of the lining and backstitching at the beginning and end to secure your stitches.

Step ten: Clip your corners and turn the purse right side out. Press under the raw edges of the turning gap and stitch closed. Push the lining into your purse to finish!

How to sew an improv patchwork zip pouch