Hawaiian quilts began life when natives combined traditional patchwork skills brought over by missionaries with their own traditional techniques to create motifs inspired by their beautiful surroundings. In this essential guide we’ll talk you through how to get the look in your own quilts.
This Quilt School post was first published in Love Patchwork & Quilting magazine
Your complete guide to making Hawaiian quilts
Fold a square of fabric for the appliqué in half (a), and in half again to form a square (b). The square will have two raw edges and two folded edges. Bring the two folded edges together to form a triangle (c) and press. All the raw edges of your fabric should now be along one edge of your triangle.
Trace your pattern onto a piece of card and cut out. Line up the pattern with the corner of your fabric. Make sure the edges match up with the folds exactly and trace around your template. Pin the layers together, then carefully cut along your drawn line through all your layers. If you find it difficult at sharp corners, go back and neaten with a small pair of scissors after cutting the main shape. Remove any template marks and unfold your appliqué.
Fold a square of background fabric the same way you folded your appliqué fabric in step one. Press lightly and unfold. Centre your appliqué piece on the background fabric, carefully matching up the fold lines and pin in place. Baste in place ¼in from the edge.
Free Hawaiian Quilt Pattern
We love Jo Avery’s Tropical Crush cushion pattern from our 50th issue of Love Patchwork & Quilting magazine – the colours are perfect for summer! We’re planning on making a cute coordinating pair, so we have a second free appliqué template for you to download for free – download our Free Hawaiian quilt pattern here.
When stitching your appliqué in place, you want to achieve nearly invisible stitches. Choose a thread colour that matches your appliqué piece. We’ve used a contrasting thread so it’s easier for you to see the stitches!
Bring up your needle 1/8in from the raw edge of your appliqué. Turn the fabric ahead under, using your needle, to meet your basting stitches. Turn under only about an inch at a time. Use the thumb of your non-stitching hand to hold down the turned fabric
while you’re stitching.
Pulling your stitches tight will help roll the fabric under, which also helps hide the stitches.
Bring your needle back down into the background fabric, directly opposite from where you came up. Take a small stitch and bring your needle up again at the edge of the folded fabric.
When stitching outer curves, there is no need to clip the fabric. Simply smooth the edges under and make your stitches slightly closer together.
For inner curves, make small clips in the seam allowance, a bit less than 1/8in. For sharp ‘V’ shape curves, make one straight clip, ending 2–3 threads outside your basting stitches. Ease under your fabric edges and stitch very closely at the point.
Straw needles are perfect for appliqué. The eye of the needle is stamped into the shank, so the eye glides through the fabric as you stitch. The long, flexible size 10 or 11 will help you create fine stitches, nearly invisible to the eye. I love Jeana Kimball’s Foxglove Cottage straw needles. Pick up a sampler card, to find the right size for you.
To create a sharp point, stitch up to the tip of the point on one side. Turn the point under, straight across and flatten with your thumb. Take another stitch, almost on top of your previous one, pulling tight. Fold under the remaining side and continue stitching.
Once you’ve stitched all the way around your appliqué piece, remove your basting stitches and press well. Layer with a piece of batting and backing and quilt as desired. Hawaiian quilts traditionally feature echo quilting around the central motif, and sometimes include leaf details over the appliqué.
Creating your own design
- You can easily create your own design for Hawaiian quilting. It’s kind of like making a paper snowflake. Fold a square of paper as you would your fabric (Step 1) and make cuts through all the layers, keeping at least part of each folded edge of the triangle in tact. Experiment until you find a design you love.
Fold the paper back into it’s triangle form, and trace onto a triangular piece of card. Add a 1/8in seam allowance outside your lines, easing into any ‘V’ cuts, and cut out to create your own template.
Test designs on paper before cutting fabric
Free Hawaiian quilt pattern – Folded Flora
Pair hot and cold colours for a tropical mini quilt with traditional roots…
You will need
- Bella Solids by Moda in Mango.
- Quilter’s Basic Solid by Stof in Aqua.
Cut your background fabric into two 18in squares and two 4in squares. Also cut two 2½in strips, for binding.
Create a quilted Hawaiian appliqué block following steps 1–7 above, using your appliqué fabric and 18in background squares. You can use the template included, or create your own. Square up your block.
Fold your remaining background squares in half diagonally. Line up the raw edges in the top two corners of the reverse of your block and baste in place. This will create two ‘pockets’ for your dowel to hang your block.
Join your binding strips with a diagonal seam and press in half. Use to bind the edges of your block.
Insert your dowel in the fabric ‘pockets’ and hang.