How to do punch needle embroidery
Lucy Davidson will guide you through how to create rich tapestries bursting with texture using the easy-to-master technique of punch needle embroidery.
Punch needle embroidery is a simple and therapeutic craft that involves nothing more than a punch needle, some yarn and some cloth. It’s easy to learn, and its repetitive action makes this the perfect, mindful pursuit. The punch needle, which is used for the technique itself, is a little like a normal sewing needle, but with a handle. The eye of the needle is the stabbing end, which you punch through the fabric. It can be used on any loose-weave fabric using either yarn, fabric strips or embroidery thread, and it creates a beautiful texture of loops and stitches.
This punch needle embroidery tutorial is designed by Lucy Davidson and was originally published in Love Embroidery magazine issue 5.
What is punch needle embroidery?
Punch needle embroidery is a popular craft for beginners, and the possibilities of projects are endless. As opposed to usual embroidery techniques where the needle goes through the fabric, with punch needle embroidery the needle stays on the surface. When the needle is punched through the fabric it leaves a lovely textured design, you’ll see the similarities between it and rug making.
If you want to get up to speed on the basics of embroidery, check out our embroidery for beginners which features all the basics of embroidery. Plus if you want to learn new stitches or brush up on your knowledge, head over to our embroidery stitches library.
If you’re new to this craft, take a look at our punch needle embroidery kits, you’ll find a round up our favourite kits which contain everything you need to create your first punch needle embroidery designs.
Materials you’ll need for punch needle embroidery:
- Monks cloth or high quality hessian fabric: 60x50cm
- Wooden frame or embroidery hoop
- Chunky wool: beige, light blue, medium blue, brown, cream, pink, teal, yellow
- Punch needle
- Wool needle
- Wooden dowel: 60cm
- Marker pen
- Basic embroidery kit
- Flower pot punch needle embroidery template
How to needle punch
First things first, you’ll need to know the basics on needle punching. Follow this easy 4-step guide to master your new craft.
To start off, it’s best to secure your fabric to a wooden frame using drawing pins or a staple gun. If you don’t have a wooden frame you can use a large embroidery hoop, but make sure your fabric is nice and taught as you need a good tension for needle punching. Make sure you keep the grain lines of the fabric straight too for a neater and more even finish.
Thread one end of the yarn through the hole at the end of the punch needle from the open shaft side and out through the flat side, pulling about 30cm through it. Take the other end of the yarn which is attached to the skein or ball and pull it down into the slot in the handle. Keep pulling it until the yarn lies inside the slot and you have about 3cm of yarn coming out of the eye.
Hold the punch needle like a pencil and punch it straight down into the fabric so that the shaft of the needle has gone all the way down and the handle meets the fabric. This forms the start of the first stitch as the punch needle makes a loop of yarn on the reverse side of the fabric. The loops are held in place by the tension of the fabric, so make sure you keep this taut.
Bring the needle back out and move along roughly 5mm. Take care not to bring the needle out too far as you will pull the loop out. Move the needle along the design line or area you want to fill, making small running stitches as you go. Needle punching can be worked from the reverse of the fabric so loops are created on the front, or from the front to create small stitches.
Punch needle embroidery flower pot
Now you’ve mastered the technique it’s time to try your hand at this flower pot punch needle embroidery design designed by Lucy Davidson.
Secure the fabric to a wooden frame or mount it into an embroidery hoop. Transfer the template onto the fabric using your preferred method. We taped the template onto the back of the fabric, then placed it against a window so the light shone through, then traced with a marker pen. You could use a lightbox and a pencil if you prefer.
Start needle punching sections of your design, sewing the ends through to the other side using a wool needle as you go. This stops them getting caught in subsequent stitching, which will make the finished design untidy. Always start by needle punching the outline of each area then working inwards to the centre before you move onto the next.
Work the big vase in light blue with medium blue details and the small vase in beige with yellow details. Work the stems and leaves are worked in teal. Work all these elements before you move onto the loopy flowers.
Turn your frame or hoop over and trim off all the ends so they are the same lengths as the loops. Draw the circles for the flowers on the wrong side of the fabric so you have a guide for the next step.
Needle punch the flowers from the reverse side so the loops appear on the front of your design. To create longer loops for the larger flowers, catch the yarn with the hand that’s not holding the needle, hold on to the yarn and pull to the length you want. Vary the length of the loops to create extra texture and detail. Work the large flower on the left and the small flowers in pink, then work the large flower on the right in brown.
Draw a rectangle around your design measuring 40x30cm with the design placed centrally. Fill in the area around the edges of the design and up to the drawn rectangle lines with cream stitches. When you have finished remove the frame or hoop.
Trim the fabric to leave a 2cm border all the way around the edge of the cream stitched rectangle.
Fold the fabric edges over twice so they meet the edge of the cream stitches on the reverse. Thread a wool needle with cream yarn and oversew all around the turned-over edges to bind and create a neat edge.
Place the dowel on the top edge and work a few oversewing stitches through the top of the bound edge and around the dowel. Work three sets of these, spaced evenly, across the top edge. You can now hang your finished design.
And that’s it! All the basic steps you need to get started with punch needle embroidery. There are boundless options with punch needle embroidery and plenty of designs to choose from. To help you get started we have put together a list of our favourite punch needle embroidery kits, they contain everything you need to get started right away, and create some amazing designs.
Punch needle embroidery kits you might like
Botanical punch needle embroidery kit on Etsy
These botanical punch needle embroidery kits are perfect for beginners, they contain everything you need to get started with a simple yet eye-catching design.
Find the Botanical punch needle embroidery kit on Etsy
Starry night punch needle embroidery kits on Etsy
There’s nothing more relaxing that looking at the starry night sky, so why not bring a little of that magic into your home with one of these starry night punch needle embroidery kits, they contain everything you need to get started!
Find the starry night punch needle embroidery kits on Etsy.
Whale punch needle embroidery kit on Etsy
We know you’ll have a whale of a time with this one! Another punch needle embroidery kit that is suitable for beginners and contains all the bits and pieces you’ll need to get punching straight away. We love this design, it almost as relaxing as punch needle itself!
Find the whale punch needle embroidery kit on Etsy.
Plant pot punch needle embroidery kit
Check out this pretty botanical style punch needle embroidery kit, it would make a lovely hanging for your living room, or a thoughtful gift to a friend who loves plants.
Find the Plant pot punch needle embroidery kit on Etsy.
If you’ve loved punch needle embroidery, take a look at our guide to ribbon embroidery to expand on your knowledge of this relaxing craft. We’d also recommend this straight stitch sun embroidery design which will brighten up any room of the house.
Meet the maker of the punch needle embroidery tutorial
Lucy Davidson, a freelance graphic designer, teaches needle punching, weaving and macramé in the UK and Europe. She writes craft tutorials for magazines from Mollie Makes to Elle Decoration, has appeared on Kirstie’s Handmade Christmas TV show and has published a book, 40 Knots and How to Tie Them (Pavilion). @peasandneedles, www.peasandneedles.co.uk.