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A complete guide to cross stitch for beginners

Want to try counted cross stitch for the first time? Great idea! Here is our complete guide to cross stitch for beginners

A complete guide to cross stitch for beginners

Cross stitch is a particular kind of embroidery worked on a gridded fabric where each stitch is a little x. Working each cross stitch in different colours you can build up amazingly detailed scenes, or create small motifs with the lovely texture and sheen of embroidery. This cross stitch for beginners guide will give you the skills and knowledge you need to start cross stitching straight away.

Because every cross stitch is composed of just two tiny stitches, it’s quick and easy to master the basics, which is why cross stitch for beginners is easy to pick up and progress with quickly. This cross stitch beginner’s guide showcases ideal designs in cross stitch for beginners and will walk you through the basics of making each cross stitch and share the tips and tricks you need to cross stitch your very first design.

We’ve designed this cross stitch beginner’s guide as a complete lesson in cross stitch for beginners, but you can use the headings below to jump to different parts of the article if there is a particular part you want to explore in more depth how to cross stitch.

cross stitch for beginners

How to cross stitch step-by-step

We’ll be looking at the basics of working a cross stitch for beginners using the chevrons design shown above. This is great to showcase in a cross stitch beginner’s guide because you can use any colours you want to and you won’t have to rethread your needle too often. To recreate the design above, download our Free chevrons cross stitch pattern. 

We are stitching on 14-count Aida, which is the most common gridded fabric for cross stitch and a great choice for cross stitch for beginners. It is stiff and easy to handle, with clearly defined holes in the fabric for you to use. For other kinds of fabric used, check out our cross stitch fabrics guide.

You usually use two strands of cotton for stitching on 14-count Aida. If you are using a different fabric count, found out how many strands you should use in our cross stitch threads article. Embroidery cotton comes in six-stranded skeins – split it into individual strands and put two together before you thread the needle.


You Will Need

  • DMC stranded cotton
  • 14 count aida fabric
  • Tapestry needle

Total time:

Step 1

Start by threading one of your cross stitch needles with two strands of cross stitch thread and knot the opposite end. Take your needle down through the aida, a short distance from where you want to start stitching then back up where you first stitch will start, leaving the knot on the surface. We’ll snip this off later once the thread is secure. Starting your cross stitch like this is called the waste knot method.

cross stitch for beginners

Step 2

You can now stitch towards your starting knot, following our free chevrons cross stitch pattern chart as a guide for your stitches. Each symbol on the chart represents one cross stitch on the fabric. Work the first part of the stitch by making a diagonal stitch. This should sit from the bottom left to top right over a single aida block.

cross stitch for beginners 2


Step 3

To complete this cross stitch, make a second diagonal stitch, this time working it from bottom right to top left, crossing over your previous stitch. The different coloured chart symbols represent different colours of stranded cotton – you can  choose whichever colours you prefer for this simple design.

cross stitch for beginners 3

Step 4

Continue working towards your starting knot – your stitches will secure your starting thread on the reverse of your work. Once you reach the knot, snip it off. To finish your thread, simply pass it through the reverse of your stitches a few times so it’s secure then cut off the end.

cross stitch for beginners 4

How to cross stitch a chevrons cushion

Cross stitch chevrons onto white linen fabric using your new skills for a graphic look and a cross stitch for beginners project that does not need any specialist fabric! Cross stitch may be thought of as quite a traditional technique, but that doesn’t mean it can’t be used in a modern way – just look at these contemporary chevrons and a great project for cross stitch for beginners! Bring this classic embroidery technique up to date by using it in unexpected ways, like we’ve done here with this stitched panel on crisp white linen – backed and framed with white cotton fabric. It’s a creative way to incorporate graphic prints into a modern home. See our colourful chevrons in a hoop above for how to perfect this versatile stitch. If you like a more contemporary look, take a look at our best modern cross stitch kits post.

cross stitch for beginners 5

What is counted cross stitch?

Counted cross stitch designs are stitched from charts onto a clearly gridded cross stitch fabric, such as aida or evenweave. For each symbol you see on the chart, you need to make a cross stitch on the fabric. Counted cross stitch is different from printed or stamped cross stitch, where the pattern is printed onto the fabric and you work your cross stitch on top of it without needing to refer to a chart. In counted cross stitch you need a chart with an accompanying key to recreate your chosen cross stitch design.

The key tells you what symbols on the chart correspond with which colours of cross stitch thread. Gathered’s cross stitch charts and keys are also colour tinted to help you pick out different areas of the design much more easily. The key tells you how many strands of thread to use for the cross stitch and backstitch, and whether there are any French knots or other stitches used in the design. The key also often tells you what the stitch count of the design is and gives you its finished size if it’s stitched on the recommended fabric.

cross stitch beginners guide chart

The centre of most cross stitch charts is specially marked. This is the best place to start stitching, so you end up with the design stitched in the middle of the fabric. The centre of our charts on Gathered is where the heavy vertical and horizontal lines intersect – these lines are marked by triangular black arrows. To find the centre of your fabric, fold it in half horizontally, open it up and fold it vertically. When you open the fabric again, you’ll find the creases mark the centre. Start stitching with the colour that’s nearest to the centre of the chart. The charts are divided up every 10 squares, to make counting easy.

Essentials on how to cross stitch

Step 1 – Choose your project

Make sure you choose the right level for you – if you’ve never tried cross stitch before, it’s a good idea to start with kits or charts that are marked for beginners. Absolute beginners should choose a design without fractional stitches – look for a pattern that’s made up of whole stitches, with a bit of backstitch detail, and that isn’t too large, so you can try it out and see results quickly. For any terms you are not sure about, check out our cross stitch glossary

Step 2 – Gather your materials

Cross stitch kits come with all the fabric, needles and thread you’ll need to sew the design inside. If you have a cross stitch pattern only as opposed to a cross stitch kit, you’ll need to buy the materials you need. As a beginner, you should buy the recommended cross stitch fabric and the cross stitch thread listed in the key, but click these links to find out more about these and gain the confidence to adapt designs to different sizes and colours! Before you start to stitch, sort out the threads into different shades and mark which symbol they match on the chart. Many cross stitchers use a thread sorter for this.

cross stitch for beginners threads

If you’re stitching from a cross stitch chart then you’ll also need to buy cross stitch fabric, cross stitch thread and cross stitch needles. The chart should say which fabrics the design is intended for. We recommend starting with Aida fabric – it’s more beginner-friendly than evenweave or linen fabric. You can try those later! You’ll also see a list of the threads you need in the chart key.

See our guide to cross stitch needle sizes to find the size of tapestry needle you’ll need.

Step 3 – Find the centre of the chart

We recommend always starting from the middle of the design. This is usually marked in some form (for example with arrows, a ‘0’ or triangles) around the edges of a chart. Look for this symbol on the key for the colour of thread you need, plus the number of strands. Thread your needle with this colour.

Step 4 – Find the centre of your fabric

Fold your fabric in half horizontally and vertically to find the centre of that as well. The folds will make a cross, which corresponds to the cross at the centre of your chart.

Step 5 – Get stitching!

You’ve now got all of the essentials on how to cross stitch and it’s time to make your first project! Bring the needle up at the bottom left corner of a square and down at the top right corner. Then repeat in the opposite corners to complete the stitch, with one arm ‘crossing’ over the top of the other. You should leave a long tail of thread before this first stitch, so you can catch the thread under the stitches as you work, securing it in place.

You can also use the loop method to secure your thread to the fabric before starting – this only works when using a single strand of thread doubled over in the needle, creating a loop at one end. Make the first arm of your cross stitch as above, but leaving the looped end of thread hanging loose at the back of the fabric. Then pass the needle through the loop before completing the top arm.

To finish a thread, leave a thread tail of a minimum of 4cm (2in) on the back of the fabric, and catch it under a few nearby stitches to secure it, then trim all loose ends with embroidery scissors. We recommend finishing all the cross stitch in your design before you work the backstitch or add any French knots – see our video guide on How to do French knots.

10 best cross stitch kits for beginners

If you’re a complete newbie to cross stitch and haven’t yet got your hands on all the materials, it might be worth starting off with a kit that contains everything you need to create your first project. Here are some of our favourite cross stitch kits for beginners.

Octopus cross stitch kit

Take a dive under the sea with this adorable cross stitch kit for beginners. The kit contains everything you need to create the full project and instructions on how to cross stitch! It would make a special gift for anyone who loves the ocean, or just something to brighten up your home.

cross stitch kits - octo

Octopus cross stitch kit, Etsy, £8.95

Frog cross stitch kit

This cute little guy is a simple stitch and great for first-timers! The kit contains all you need, including a colour printed pattern, 16 count Aida fabric, embroidery silks, a hoop, an embroidery needle, and of course easy-to-follow instructions on how to cross stitch.

cross stitch kits

Frog cross stitch kit, Etsy, £9.95

Dinosaur cross stitch kit

Create this lovely dinosaur cross stitch for a friend and let them know just how ‘roarsome’ you think they are,  it’ll be sure to put a smile on their face. It uses a mixture of colours to help you get used to changing threads making it a fantastic cross stitch kit for beginners.

cross stitch kits - dino

Dinosaur cross stitch kit, Etsy, £14

Leaf cross stitch kit

Give this cool Monstera Deliciosa plant cross stitch kit a try, it’s a larger hoop at 15cm so it’ll give you plenty of practice with your stitching. The finished piece is so pretty and would look lovely hanging in any plant-lovers home.

cross stitch kits - leaf

Leaf cross stitch kit, Etsy, £28.99

You make me so happy cross stitch kit

Brighten someone’s day with this sweet message! This cute cross stitch is great for beginners too as it only uses one simple stitch. Everything you need is included within the kit so you’ll be ready to stitch one of these lovely cross stitch kits for beginners.

cross stitch kits - happy

You make me so happy cross stitch kit, Etsy, £19.95

Love yourself cross stitch kit

Feel the love with this cute cross stitch kit. Stitching is said to be very therapeutic, so why not grab yourself a cuppa and have some me-time with your new project. Very relaxing after a stressful day!

cross stitch kit love yourself

Love yourself cross stitch kit, Etsy, £18.00

Owl cross stitch kit

cross stitch kit owl

Stitch this cute owl! This is a counted cross stitch kit for beginners with no pattern printed on the Aida, however, it is a very simple pattern with large blocks of colour which show you how to cross stitch. A great kit for beginners and enjoyable for all levels.

Owl cross stitch kit, Etsy. £11.50

Harry Potter cross stitch kit

Of course, we had to include one for all those Potter fans out there. Using all one colour create this magical platform 9 and 3/4 cross stitch. It is great for beginners or anyone looking to get back into cross stitch if they’ve had a break from it.

cross stitch kit hp

Harry Potter cross stitch kit. Etsy, £16.00

Sunflower cross stitch kit

Bring some sunshine into your home with this sunflower cross stitch. This project is suitable for beginners but contains lettering which can be a little more challenging but great practice to test your skills. The kit contains everything you need to get started right away.

cross stitch kits - sunflower

Sunflower cross stitch kit, Etsy, £14.00

Mountain cross stitch kit

This bright mountain scene will be a challenge for beginners but totally worth it in the end! It is larger blocks of colour so that makes things easier. The kit contains everything you need to create this amazing piece.

cross stitch kit mountain

Mountain cross stitch kit, Etsy, £21.95

Cross Stitch patterns for beginners

When you are just starting out with cross stitch for beginners, it’s best to choose cross stitch patterns for beginners that use whole cross stitch and some backstitch for detail and definition. Try not to tackle cross stitch design with lots of fractional cross stitches or French knots.  Below are some free cross stitch patterns for beginners you will find on the gathered website.

How to make a cross stitch necklace

These heart designs are stitched entirely in whole cross stitches. Work them on 14-count aida rather than the wooden necklace mount for a fabulous beginner cross stitch pattern.

cross stitch for beginners heart necklace
Pretty heart shaped necklace

Free lamb cross stitch pattern

Here’s another sweet design stitched entirely in whole cross stitch. Work the pattern to build up the shape and easily practice your counting.

cross stitch for beginners lamb

Children’s cross stitch patterns

Not just for kids! These sweet woodland characters use while cross stitch with just a little backstitch.

cross stitch for beginners pals

Cats cross stitch patterns

Who could resist stitching one of these beautiful kitties!

cross stitch for begunners puss


Summer cross stitch patterns for men

Worked in whole cross stitch and backstitch. these simple summery motifs are great for beginners.

cross stitch for beginners men

Click to browse more free designs in our archive of beginner cross stitch patterns.

If you’re keen to learn more about cross stitch and take on some more challenging patterns, try these modern cross stitch kits for some fun inspiration. You could also try these cute cat cross stitch patterns, a variety of designs to get stuck into! If you want some more cross stitch advice, check out the cross stitch tips, and if you’re already ahead of the game and thinking about turning your passion into profit, take a look at our guide to selling cross stitch